Survey on the Energy Sector’s Impact on Job Creation in Panama
The IDB contracted K&M Advisors LLC (K&M) to conduct a country-level survey in Panama regarding employment creation in the energy sectors associated to the green transition.
The main objective of the assignment was to gather data on the number and types of jobs created in the energy sector, including renewable energy, energy efficiency, demand management, electromobility, hydrogen, installation of solar panels, and storage, including advisory and consulting firms in these sectors. The K&M team made comparisons of employment creation by types of employment between the different sectors. This analysis included topics such as gender, education, investment, employment, and other relevant variables on both companies and unions present in the country that are representative of the whole. Additionally, the team provided the IDB with a database, developed a methodological guidebook, and presented the findings to IDB staff.
Cerro Dominador Solar Power Plant is a 210-megawatt (MW) combined concentrated solar power (CSP) and PV plant located in the Antofagasta Region of Chile, about 24 kilometers (15 mi) west-northwest of Sierra Gorda. The 100 MW PV plant is already in operation and the 110 MW CSP plant is in commissioning. The CSP plant includes a 243 m receiver tower, 10,600 heliostats, molten salt energy stage to support plant operation at 100% load for approximately 17 hours, steam turbine-generator, and other auxiliary equipment. A private investment client is planning on investing in the project and engaged K&M to perform project technical and market due-diligence review with the major focus on a 110 MW CSP power generation facility.
WEB is working with its parent company (Utilities Aruba) to decarbonize its generation matrix and meet the goals set by the Paris Agreement. To this end, WEB wanted to develop a set of decarbonized long-term generation scenarios for Aruba. These scenarios will include combinations of different technologies, including thermal (natural gas), solar PV, wind, lithium battery, and green hydrogen. K&M will assist WEB to develop a detailed model to estimate the Levelized Cost of the Electricity (LCOE) and emissions for each generation scenario.
K&M was retained by USTDA to assist the Terminal de Contenedores, Contecar, in identifying and analyzing power supply alternatives for the Port of Cartagena. In 2015, Contecar achieved a throughput of 2.6 million Twenty Foot Equivalent Units (TEUs), making it the 2nd busiest port in South America and earning it a rank of #60 in the world’s top 100 ports, but the port suffers from frequent power outages. In 2016 alone, Contecar suffered from 280 hours of power supply interruptions making it in desperate need of reliable low-cost power supply alternatives.
K&M is identifying and analyzing power supply alternatives, including an interconnection to the high and medium-voltage network, self-generation with natural gas, diesel, wind, and solar PV; storage (batteries or flywheels); load management systems; and other options. After confirming the preferred option, K&M will prepare the conceptual design and costs estimates, perform economic, financial and environmental analysis, and develop an implementation plan, including the EPC contract and RFP.
K&M was engaged by the Kenya Tea Development Agency (KTDA) to assess the feasibility of small (1 MW) solar PV power plants with battery storage options for thirty tea processing factories across Kenya. K&M’s scope of work includes demand analysis based on hourly load profiles of the tea factories, technical and conceptual designs for solar PV, storage, diesel, and hybrid systems, regulatory analysis, and financial analysis. K&M’s activities included creating and analyzing financial models, including demand assessment based on factory load profiles and analysis of power supply options (solar PV, batteries, diesel, and hybrid), EPC procurement, and regulatory analysis.
Funded by a USTDA grant, ESS hired K&M to assist with a feasibility study, including a pilot project, for battery storage in Brazil. The feasibility study will assess the economic, technical, and regulatory impact of adding long-duration storage to a solar photovoltaic (PV) system in a Virtual Net Metering Structure. The feasibility study contains two focal points:
1. Planning and executing a small representative pilot project to provide the necessary validation of the energy-shifting business model using the ESS Iron Flow Battery and solar PV to ascertain the viability of a large PV + storage project planned for multiple customers.
2. Developing the technical and economic plan to prove the feasibility and viability of deploying multiple distributed generation (DG) projects ranging in size from 3 to 5 MW of PV and 8 to 10 MWh of energy storage.
K&M’s scope includes: estimating the pilot project costs; conceptual design for PV and battery system; technical, economic, and financial modeling and analysis; project site resource analysis and preparation; analyzing project financing options; and identifying US sources of supply.